Interpretation Act 19781978 CHAPTER 30An Act to consolidate the Interpretation Act 1889 and certain other enactments relating to the construction and operation of Acts of Parliament and other instruments, with amendments to give effect to recommendations of the Law Commission and the Scottish Law Commission.
Supplementary21 Interpretation etc.(1)In this Act “Act” includes a local and personal or private Act; and “subordinate legislation” means Orders in Council, orders, rules, regulations, schemes, warrants, byelaws and other instruments made or to be made under any Act.(2)This Act binds the Crown.22 Application to Acts and Measures.(1)This Act applies to itself, to any Act passed after the commencement of this Act [F4(subject, in the case of section 20A, to the provision made in that section)] and, to the extent specified in Part I of Schedule 2, to Acts passed before the commencement of this Act.(2)In any of the foregoing provisions of this Act a reference to an Act is a reference to an Act to which that provision applies; but this does not affect the generality of references to enactments or of the references in section 19(1) to other Acts.(3)This Act applies to Measures of the General Synod of the Church of England (and, so far as it relates to Acts passed before the commencement of this Act, to Measures of the Church Assembly passed after 28th May 1925) as it applies to Acts.
[F27“Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs” has the meaning given by section 4 of the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005.]“High Court” means—(a)in relation to England and Wales, Her Majesty’s High Court of Justice in England;(b)in relation to Northern Ireland, Her Majesty’s High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland.
[F35“PAYE income” has the meaning given by section 683 of the Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003.“PAYE regulations” means regulations under section 684 of that Act.]“Person” includes a body of persons corporate or unincorporate. “Police area”, “police authority” and other expressions relating to the police have the meaning or effect described—
[F41“Registered medical practitioner” means a fully registered person within the meaning of the Medical Act 1983 who holds a licence to practise under that Act.]
Amendments (Textual)F59Entry added (E.W.) by Family Law Reform Act 1987 (c. 42, SIF 49:7), s. 33(1)(2), Sch. 2 para. 73, Sch. 3 paras. 1, 6In relation to England and Wales—(a)references (however expressed) to any relationship between two persons;(b)references to a person whose father and mother were or were not married to each other at the time of his birth; and(c)references cognate with references falling within paragraph (b) above,shall be construed in accordance with section 1 of the Family Law Reform Act 1987. [The date of the coming into force of that section]]
(5)The definition of “person”, so far as it includes bodies corporate, applies to any provision of an Act whenever passed relating to an offence punishable on indictment or on summary conviction.(6)This paragraph applies to F62. . . the M36Water Act 1973 as if they were passed after 1st April 1974.
Doiremick wrote:I had to read through an act called the interpretation act to find this but basically this is what everyone wants clarification on as to the definition of person, so far this stands for those in the uk only but feel free to read your countries interpretation act to see if the same applies to you.
21 Interpretation etc.
(2) This Act binds the Crown.
(5) The definition of “person”, so far as it includes bodies corporate, applies to any
provision of an Act whenever passed relating to an offence punishable on indictment
or on summary conviction.
There you have it. Incase you don't get it from that here's how it works, section 21 (2) This act binds the crown, in other words any representative of the crown is bound by that act and the words in it. Section 4 (5) The definition of "person", so far as it includes bodies corporate...since 'includes' is an exclusionary term, meaning when you write includes it excludes everything else you don't mention unless you write after includes 'but is not limited to' so therefor what we learn is it includes and only includes bodies corporate. Are you a body corporate (corporate entity)? No.
Doiremick wrote:I'm not operating on a presumtion on this one, the word includes IS an exlusionary term in law and a well established fact, check any law textbook/dictionary/bar member they will tell you that it is 100% exlusionary
1. to have as contents or part of the contents; be made up of or contain
2. to add as part of something else; put in as part of a set, group, or category
3. to contain as a secondary or minor ingredient or element
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